POLITICAL INSTABILITIES AND REFUGEE INFLUX
Uganda has rebounded from civil war and economic instability to become nowadays relatively peaceful. Nonetheless, the effects on its society still resonate as thousands of people had been abducted, raped, and suffered the loss of their own properties. Moreover, due to the violence perpetrates in South Sudan, DR Congo, and CAR we are now the 2nd largest refugee-hosting CLEAN WATER
More than 21 million Ugandans still do not have access to clean water. The high demand and poor management lead to shortages of clean water reserves. Often facilities are under strain in towns and the springs and wells that rural communities rely on are mostly used up.
HIGH POPULATION AND CHILD BURDEN
More than 52% of Ugandans are below 15 years. A situation that tightens Uganda into a vicious circle of poverty and increases the number of orphans and vulnerable children, the requests of social services (health and education) which are not capable of keeping pace with the actual economic growth.
THE IMPACT OF HIV/AIDS EPIDEMIC
Uganda has faced 2 million deaths due to the HIV epidemic and currently, there are still 1.2 million Ugandans living with HIV and AIDS. This not only affects the living conditions of people but also the trend of the development of the entire system as the mortality rates are largely attributed to AIDS/HIV.
Nearly 25% (a quarter) of the Ugandan population lives below the poverty line. The growing population is putting an increasing strain on already limited resources that are far from reach for many Ugandans and refugees. Most people live in inadequate and overcrowded dwellings, mostly without clean water, electricity, and proper sanitation.
The effects of climate change are already hitting Uganda. Although our country produces more food than it consumes, poverty still limits the number of nutritious food people can afford and the refugee situation poses further challenges to Uganda’s ability to reach Sustainable Development Goal 2 (Zero Hunger).
Modern slavery is found in forced labor, human trafficking, sexual exploitation, debt bondage, and forced marriage. A growing economic disparity and unemployment made the society vulnerable to crimes, which manifest mostly in human trafficking by recurring threats and violence. Minors are the most vulnerable as they are requests for child labor, sex trafficking, and forced marriage.