We are based in the Kasese District of western region of Uganda, in East Africa. Kasese has been affected greatly by political instability (wars), which have greatly hindered the development. With a mountainous terrain in the north and flat plains in the south, Kasese is famous for its beautiful scenery, including two of Uganda’s ten national parks: Queen Elizabeth National Park and Rwenzori Mountains National Park.
Kasese Municipality is the largest town and also serves as the business centre (with banks, supermarkets, etc). It is located approximately 559 kilometers west of Kampala, Uganda’s capital and largest city. Learn more about the Kasese District.
The republic of Uganda is a landlocked country located in East Africa and lies astride the equator sharing borders with Kenya to the east, Tanzania to the south, Rwanda to the southwest, the Democratic Republic of Congo to the west, and South Sudan to the north.
Uganda has gained the title of ‘Pearl of Africa’ due to its significant natural resources, ample fertile land, favorable climate, mineral deposits, and regular rainfall, which ranges between 900 -1600 mm annually with two rainy seasons: relatively heavy rains from March through May and light rains from September through December. Temperatures normally range between 23.9ºC and 30ºC. Uganda’s topography ranges from tropical rainforest vegetation in the south to savannah woodlands and semi-arid vegetation in the north.
Kampala is the capital of Uganda, the name Kampala means ‘the hills of the antelopes’. The city is close to the Victoria lake and is built on seven hills. Entebbe International Airport is the largest airport, located about 30 km from Uganda’s capital, Kampala.
Uganda is famous for its beautiful scenery including ten national parks, Africa’s tallest mountain range (the Rwenzoris), the world’s longest river (source of the Nile), the continent’s largest lake and one of the largest lakes in the world (Lake Victoria), the world’s largest population of mountain gorillas, a number of spectacular waterfalls, and very rich history with UNESCO world heritage sites.
Although Uganda is located on the equator, its climate is warm rather than hot, and temperatures vary little throughout the year. Most of the country receives an annual rainfall of at least 30 inches with two dry seasons (December to February, June to August) and semiarid in northern.
As of 2013, more than 37.5 million people live in Uganda. The population has increased 7 times since 1950, when it was a mere 5 million. Increasing at the current rate is likely to take it to over 144 million by 2050. On average, Ugandan women have 6 or more children, and Uganda has one of the highest fertility rates in Africa. There is therefore a very young population with a median age of 15 years, which is the lowest in the world.
This high population growth rate is attributed to a high fertility rate, low prevalence of family planning methods, young marriage age for women (18 years old on average), and the high influx of refugees.
The high population growth rate is undermining efforts to boost economic growth, achieve universal education, reduce mortality, and improve health. Uganda is a country where life expectancy is not so high. For women, life expectancy is 55.9 years and for men 53.1 years. Life expectancy is low because it is a country with a lot of poverty.
The majority of the Ugandan population depends on subsistence farming and light agro-based industries for livelihoods and survival. The predominantly agricultural activities generate nearly 40% of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP), 70-80% of export earnings, almost all domestic food requirements, and most of the raw materials required in local industries. However, economic decline has left Uganda among the poorest and least developed countries in the world, ranked 143 out of 177 countries by UNDP in 2010 (a ranking based on statistics such as life expectancy, literacy, and GDP).
While the poverty rate declined from 31 percent in 2005/2006 to 19.7 percent in 2012/2013, impetuous population growth has meant that the absolute number of poor people has not decreased.
Uganda produces more food than it consumes. Yet, poverty still limits people’s access to nutritious food. A fast-growing population – expected to reach 100 million by 2050 – and the presence of the world’s third largest refugee population pose further challenges to the country’s ability to achieve Sustainable Development Goal 2 on Zero Hunger.
On average, nearly half of all Ugandans consume less calories than they need every day. One in three school children have no food to eat during the school day.
Uganda’s Capital: Kampala
Surface area: 241,038 sq km (93,072 sq miles)
GDP per capita: $1,500 (2013 estimate)
Population: 37.5 million
Number of people living with HIV/AIDS: 1.5 million (2012 estimate)
Life expectancy: 54 years (men), 55 years (women)
Under-5 mortality rate: 69/1,000 (2012 estimate)
Literacy rate: Male: 82.6%, Female: 64.6%
Languages: English (official), Swahili (official), various Bantu and Nilotic languages
Currency: Uganda Shillings